Knowing the conditions which may allow corruption to occur

Corruption can occur in many situations. It is more likely, however, where some of the following occur:

  • poor leadership and management commitment
  • presence of greed
  • policies and procedures are absent, unclear or not adequately enforced
  • employee training is inadequate
  • checks such as audits are lacking 
  • communication and reporting lines are unclear
  • employee supervision and performance management are inadequate
  • employees have high levels of discretion in their decision-making
  • employees develop close relationships with external stakeholders
  • accepted ethical standards are lacking
  • the corporate culture condones rule breaking and short cuts.


Knowing the main functions which are associated with corruption risks

  • Procurement
  • Contract Management
  • Finance
  • Recruitment
  • Licensing
  • Disbursements of grants